Handbook of Condensation Thermoplastic Elastomers
Reporting on the work of an international team of scientists actively involved in the study of thermoplastic elastomers (TPE) based on polyesters, polyamides, and polyurethanes, this book is the first to provide a detailed description of condensation TPE with close attention paid to polyamide-based systems.
Reflecting the increasing importance of TPE as engineering plastics, the authors discuss the widened application opportunities by preparing systems with various chemical compositions and molecular structures as (semi-) interpenetrating networks. The contents also cover the chemical aspects, physical structure and properties, life cycle assessment, and recycling possibilities as well as such unique "smart" properties like the shape memory effect of the three classes of thermoplastic elastomers
Table of Contents
PART I : INTRODUCTION - Creation and Development of Thermoplastic Elastomers, and Their Position Among Organic Materials – Birth and development of TPEs: a brief survey, Main routes to thermoplastic elastomer preparation, Techniques used in the characterization of TPEs, Properties and processing of TPEs, Position of TPEs among organic materials and their applications. Polycondensation Reactions in Thermoplastic Elastomer Chemistry: State of the Art, Trends, and Future Developments – Preparation of block copolymers by polycondensation, New structures.
PART II : POLYESTER-BASED THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS - Polyester Thermoplastic Elastomers: Synthesis, Properties, and Some Applications – Chemical structure of polyester elastomers, Poly(alkylene oxide) flexible segment-based polyester elastomers, Modified poly(butylenes terephthalate) rigid segment-based polyester elastomers, Branched polyester elastomers, Synthesis of poly (ether ester) block copolymers, Other multiblock polyester elastomers, Polyester thermoplastic elastomers from blends, A new processing aspect: weldability of polyester elastomers, Polyester elastomers for biomedical application. Terpoly(Ester-b-Ether-b-Amide) Thermoplastic Elastomers: Synthesis, Structure, and Properties – Chemical structure of terpoly(ester-b-ether-b-amide)s, Synthesis of triblock – (GT-b-PO4-b-PA)n- polymers, Solubility of the blocks, Structure-property relationships. High Performance Thermoplastic Aramid Elastomers: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications – Development of thermoplastic aramid elastomers, Type I poly(aramid-b-polyether) elastomers, Type II poly(aramid-b-polyether) elastomers, Poly(aramid-b-polyester) elastomers, Applications. Poly(Ether Ester) Thermoplastic Elatomers: Phase and Deformation Behavior on the Nano- and Microlevel – Phase behavior of PEEs, Deformation behavior of PEE as revealed by small-angle X-ray scattering, Nanostructure evolution during the straining cycle. Condensation Thermoplastic Elastomers Under Load: Methodological Studies of Nanostructure Evolution by X-ray Scattering – Materials, Basic Notions, Theoretical, Nanostructure evolution and processes observed with condensation TPEs. Dielectric Relaxation of Polyester-Based Thermoplastic Elastomers – Study of the relaxation behavior by means of dielectric spectroscopy, Dielectric spectroscopy of poly(ether ester) thermoplastic elastomers, Dielectric spectroscopy of multiblock thermoplastic elastomers, Relaxation behavior of poly(ester carbonate) block copolymer across the melting region.
PART III : POLYAMIDE-BASED THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS - Thermoplastic Poly(Ether-b-Amide) Elastomers: Synthesis – Chemical structure of TPE, Synthetic methods, Thermal polymerization of TPE-A with ester links. Poly(Ether-b-Amide) Thermoplastic Elastomers: Structure, Properties, and Applications – Structure and characterization, Properties, Applications. Semicrystalline Segmented Poly(Ether-b-Amide) Copolymers: Overview of Solid-State Structure-Property Relationships and Uniaxial Deformation Behavior – PTMO-PA12 based copolymers, Other poly(ether-b-amide) copolymers.
PART IV : POLYURETHANE-BASED THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS - Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers in Interpenetrating Polymer Networks – Polyurethane elastomer-based thermoplastic apparent interpenetrating polymer networks, Polyurethane-containing semi-IPNs. Polyurethane Thermoplastic Elastomers Comprising Hydrazine Derivatives: Chemical Aspects – Synthesis and properties of Polyurethane thermoplastic elastomers comprising hydrazine derivatives, Structure and performance of hydrazine-containing polyurethane thermoplastic elastomers. Molecular Dynamics and Ionic Conductivity Studies in Polyurethane Thermoplastic Elastomers – Dielectric techniques for molecular dynamics studies, Ionic Conductivity measurements and analysis, Microphase separation and morphology of segmented polyurethanes, Neat polyurethane thermoplastic elastomers, Nanocomposites based on polyurethane thermoplastic elastomers.
PART V : BLENDS, COMPOSITES, APPLICATIONS, AND RECYCLING OF THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS - Polymer Blends Containing Thermoplastic Elastomers of the Condensation and Addition Types – Thermoplastic blends with polycondensation elastomers, Thermoplastic blends with polyaddition thermoplastic elastomers, Rubber blends with thermoplastic elastomers, Thermoset resin blends with thermoplastic elastomers. “Nanoreinforcement” of Thermoplastic Elastomers – Concepts and realization of nanoscale reinforcements, Nanoreinforcement of thermoplastic polyurethanes, Nanoreinforcement of “condensation” thermoplastic elastomers. Commercial Condensation and Addition Thermoplastic Elastomers: Composition, Properties, and Applications – Polyester-based thermoplastic elastomers (TPE-E), Polyamide-based thermoplastic elastomers (TPE-A), Polyurethane-based addition thermoplastic elastomers (TPE-U). Shape Memory Effects of Multiblock Thermoplastic Elastomers – Crystalline polyester TPU, Amorphous TPU with allophanate crosslinks, Amorphous TPUs based on trifunctional polyols, Polyurethanes containing mesogenic moieties, Other thermoplastic elastomers showing shape memory effects, Shape memory blends and composites. Condensation and Addition Thermoplastic Elastomers: Recycling Aspects – Recycling opportunities for step-growth polymers, Cleavage of ester, amide and urethane bonds, Recycling of thermoplastic elastomers, Life cycle analysis. Author Index. Subject Index.